Just a little list of the words and concepts I repeatedly look up. Presented as a link to wiktionary and the definition as I use it.
Axiomatic: obvious, self evident, not needing proof or argument.
Epistemology: Deals with knowledge. How can we know things and what can we know?
Ethics: Societal/contractual right and wrong.
Logic: Systems of thinking in which the truth or falsity of statements lead necessarily to the truth or falsity of conclusions. A useful tool to strip emotional bias out of arguments by presenting them in an abstracted form.
Morality: Your inner sense of right and wrong.
Ontology: Deals with the nature of being. What is reality?
Rationality, reason: the ability to explain why you believe something. Contained within the bounds of logic.
Teleology: Deals with purpose; the why of things.